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Citizenship Amendment Bill become a historical Bill after clearing Rajya Sabha test.

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More than six hours marathon debate, Citizenship Amendment Bill passed by The Rajya Sabha. Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019 gets Parliament’s nod.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The bill thus amends the 1955 Act to grant exemptions to illegal migrants from these communities, who reached India on or before December 2014.
  • The bill got 125 votes in favour and 105 votes against.
  • Citizenship Amendment Bill was published on 9 December 2019 in Lok Sabha.
  • The bill was introduced by Amit shah, minister of home affairs.
  • CAB bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on 10 December 2019

Bharatiya Janta Party kept their promise to grant citizenship to Hindu, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan. In the party’s election manifesto in 2014, the BJP had promish to welcome Hindu refugees and give shelter to them. The bill was introduced and passed in Lok Sabha in 2016 but there was widespread political opposition and protests in the northeast India. So that bill was not passed in Rajya Sabha.

In the 2019 election campaign, the BJP again committed to bring this bill.The National Register of Citizenship (NRC) was updated in Assam state in 2019, leaving out 1.9 million resident, a majority of whom were Hindus, without Citizenship. This matter brought urgency to the bring in the bill.

With a majority of 125 is to 105 the Rajya Sabha passed the Citizenship Amendment Bill on Wednesday after a marathon debate that extend for more than six hours. The bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on Monday and will now go to the Rashtrapati Bhavan for President Ram Nath Kovind‘s assent

The CAB has triggered protest in various states in the Northeast. curefew has been imposed in Guwahati, Assam, till indefinite time to control deteriorating law and order situation, amid massive protest over the CAB.

Amit Shah

Amit Shah, minister of home affair said in his concluding remarks,”This bill is not to hurt anyone or person of any religion. There will be no injustice caused to the Muslims of our country. CAB will not hurt Citizenship of Muslims. It is about granting citizenship and not taking aeay their citizenship.”

“When the country’s main religion is Islam, there are fewer chances of persecution of Muslims in that country. But even so, if they want to apply for citizenship citing persecution, we have the provision to grant them citizenship too. Our definition of minority is not so narrow,” Amit Shah informed the Upper House.

As the Upper House erupted in protests with the Opposition parties alleging that the bill was discriminatory, Shah reiterated, earlier in the day, that the changes to India’s citizenship law will not be applicable to regions in the North East protested by Inner Line Permit and Sixth Schedule provision. Both regimes aim to protect the way of life of tribal communities.

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